Capitol Hill correspondent Michael Bowman and reporter Ira Mellman contributed to this report
U.S. President Donald Trump has denied that the trade talks with China have collapsed and characterized the trade tension between the worlds two largest economies as a little squabble.
We have a dialogue going it will always continue, Trump said in response to a question from VOA on the White House south lawn on Tuesday morning before boarding the Marine One helicopter. We had a deal that was very close and they broke it.
Earlier, Trump said an agreement could be reached 'when the time is right' but not unless Washington can narrow last year's $419 billion trade deficit with Beijing.
'China buys MUCH less from us than we buy from them,' Trump said in one of a string of Twitter comments on the economic turmoil spawned by the tit-for-tat tariffs the world's two biggest economies have imposed on each other's exports.
Trump tweeted, 'My respect and friendship with President Xi (Jinping) is unlimited but, as I have told him many times before, this must be a great deal for the United States or it just doesnt make any sense. We have to be allowed to make up some of the tremendous ground we have lost to China on Trade....'
Beijing and Washington have negotiated for months on a trade deal but ended talks in the U.S. capital Friday without reaching a deal.
He portrayed the United States as being 'in a much better position now than any deal we could have made,' and restated his frequent refrain that under his administration other countries will not 'take advantage' of the United States when it comes to trade.
Trump defended the tariffs he imposed last week on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports. But he said nothing about Monday's 2.4% stock market plunge after China countered Trump's levies by announcing June 1 tariff increases on $60 billion worth of U.S. exports.
As markets opened for trading Tuesday, U.S. stocks recovered some of their losses, with the key Dow Jones Industrial Average up by a half percentage point.
The U.S. leader claimed that tariffs on steel imports into the United States had 'rebuilt our steel industry.'
He urged U.S. companies to 'make your product at home in the USA and there is no Tariff. You can also buy from a non-Tariffed country instead of China.'
China hits back
The Chinese finance ministry said Monday its new 5% to 25% tax would be imposed June 1 and affect 5,140 U.S. products exported to China. Beijing said its response was targeting 'U.S. unilateralism and trade protectionism.'
'China will never succumb to foreign pressure,' the foreign ministry said. 'We are determined and capable of safeguarding our legitimate rights and interests. We still hope that the U.S. will meet us half way.'
The escalation of the tit-for-tat tariff increases had an immediate effect on the U.S. stock market, with the key Dow Jones Industrial Average plunging nearly 2.4% by the close of trading Monday in New York.
Trump has threatened to extend tariffs to an additional $300 billion in Chinese exports that have not been targeted yet, but told reporters Monday: 'I have not made that decision yet.''
The U.S. Trade Representatives Office said Monday that a public hearing would be held on July 17 about the possibility of further tariffs on China, which it said could affect 3,805 product categories. It said the new measures could impose an additional duty of up to 25%.
How we got here
Two U.S. lawmakers voiced support for Trump's trade fight with China, but with reservations.
Republican Sen. Roy Blunt told VOA, 'If there's a trade fight worth having, it's a trade fight with China. They have not been fair traders.' But he said 'there is no doubt' that diminished sales of farm products to China have hurt his home state of Missouri and other parts of the agrarian U.S. Midwest.
Democratic Sen. Chris Van Hollen of Maryland said, 'There's no doubt that we need to challenge China to change a lot of its trade practices and its domestic business practices. For example, they've been stealing U.S. secrets for a long time. They have these rules that force U.S. companies to transfer technology. So we've got to confront China on that.'
'The question is what's the smartest, most effective way to do it,' Van Hollen said. 'And while I support some of the president's strategy, I think some of it's misguided. Obviously, Americans and American consumers are paying more and more by the day. So, it's important that we address the fundamental issues in China's economy.... It's not clear to me that the president's policies are addressing that, but we'll see. I see a tariff-only strategy; I don't see a more comprehensive strategy towards China. I'm not saying that tariffs can't be part of something, but they cannot be the only tool in your tool box.'
Analyst David Lampton, a fellow at the Stanford Asia Pacific Research Center in Palo Alto, California, said he sees the United States and China as competing to be more than just a dominant economic force.
'It includes a mounting arms race and includes diplomatic competition around the world, with China operating in Latin America and Venezuela and so forth, Middle East, in places where we've traditionally seen ourselves as dominant,' Lampton said. 'And of course we're operating on China's periphery and we're in Vietnam, trying to keep the Philippines in the U.S. column so to speak.'